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dc.contributor.authorPickett, W.
dc.contributor.authorMolcho, M.
dc.contributor.authorElgar, F. J.
dc.contributor.authorBrooks, F.
dc.contributor.authorde Looze, M.
dc.contributor.authorRathmann, K.
dc.contributor.authorter Bogt, T. F. M.
dc.contributor.authorNic Gabhainn, Saoirse
dc.contributor.authorSigmundova, D.
dc.contributor.authorGaspar de Matos, M.
dc.contributor.authorCraig, W.
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, S. D.
dc.contributor.authorHarel-Fisch, Y.
dc.contributor.authorCurrie, C.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T16:21:34Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T16:21:34Z
dc.date.issued2012-12-03
dc.identifier.citationPickett, W. Molcho, M.; Elgar, F. J.; Brooks, F.; de Looze, M.; Rathmann, K.; ter Bogt, T. F. M.; Nic Gabhainn, S.; Sigmundova, D.; Gaspar de Matos, M.; Craig, W.; Walsh, S. D.; Harel-Fisch, Y.; Currie, C. (2012). Trends and socioeconomic correlates of adolescent physical fighting in 30 countries. PEDIATRICS 131 (1), E18-E26
dc.identifier.issn0031-4005,1098-4275
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/13470
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No recent international studies provide evidence about its prevalence, trends, or social determinants of physical fighting in adolescents. We studied cross-national epidemiologic trends over time in the occurrence of frequent physical fighting, demographic variations in reported trends, and national wealth and income inequality as correlates. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered in school settings in 2002, 2006, and 2010. Participants (N = 493 874) included eligible and consenting students aged 11, 13, and 15 years in sampled schools from 30 mainly European and North American countries. Individual measures included engagement in frequent physical fighting, age, gender, participation in multiple risk behaviors, victimization by bullying, and family affluence. Contextual measures included national income inequality, absolute wealth and homicide rates. Temporal measure was survey cycle (year). RESULTS: Frequent physical fighting declined over time in 19 (63%) of 30 countries (from descriptive then multiple Poisson regression analyses). Contextual measures of absolute wealth (relative risk 0.96, 95% confidence interval 0.93-0.99 per 1 SD increase in gross domestic product per capita) but not income inequality (relative risk 1.01, 95% confidence interval 0.98-1.05 per 1 SD increase) related to lower levels of engagement in fighting. Other risk factors identified were male gender, younger age (11 years), multiple risk behaviors, victimization by bullying, and national homicide rates. CONCLUSIONS: Between 2002 and 2010, adolescent physical fighting declined in most countries. Specific groups of adolescents require targeted violence reduction programs. Possible determinants responsible for the observed declines are discussed. Pediatrics 2013;131:e18-e26
dc.publisherAmerican Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
dc.relation.ispartofPEDIATRICS
dc.subjectadolescent
dc.subjectepidemiology
dc.subjectinequality
dc.subjectfighting
dc.subjectsocioeconomic
dc.subjecttrends
dc.subjectviolence
dc.subjecthigh-school-students
dc.subjectviolence-related behaviors
dc.subjectincome inequality
dc.subjectyoung-people
dc.subjecthealth inequalities
dc.subjectrisk behavior
dc.subjectunited-states
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjectinjury
dc.subjectyouth
dc.titleTrends and socioeconomic correlates of adolescent physical fighting in 30 countries
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1542/peds.2012-1614
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/131/1/e18.full.pdf
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