Geometry and topology of two-dimensional dry foams: computer simulation and experimental characterization
Brito-Parada, Pablo R.
Cilliers, Jan J.
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Tong, Mingming; Cole, Katie; Brito-Parada, Pablo R. Neethling, Stephen; Cilliers, Jan J. (2017). Geometry and topology of two-dimensional dry foams: computer simulation and experimental characterization. Langmuir 33 (15), 3839-3846
Pseudo-two-dimensional (2D) foams are commonly used in foam studies as it is experimentally easier to measure the bubble size distribution and other geometric and topological properties of these foams than it is for a 3D foam. Despite the widespread use of 2D foams in both simulation and experimental studies, many important geometric and topological relationships are still not well understood. Film size, for example, is a key parameter in the stability of bubbles and the overall structure of foams. The relationship between the size distribution of the films in a foam and that of the bubbles themselves is thus a key relationship in the modeling and simulation of unstable foams. This work uses structural simulation from Surface Evolver to statistically analyze this relationship and to ultimately formulate a relationship for the film size in 2D foams that is shown to be valid across a wide range of different bubble polydispersities. These results and other topological features are then validated-using digital image analysis of experimental pseudo-2D foams produced in a vertical Hele Shaw cell, which contains a monolaYer of bubbles between two plates. From both the experimental and computational results, it is shown that there is a distribution of sizes that a film can adopt and that this distribution is very strongly dependent on the sizes of the-two bubbles to which the film is attached, especially the smaller one, but that it is virtually independent of the underlying polydispersity of the foam.