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dc.contributor.authorHartnett, Michael
dc.contributor.authorNash, Stephen
dc.identifier.citationHartnett, M,Wilson, JG,Nash, S (2011) 'Irish estuaries: Water quality status and monitoring implications under the water framework directive'. Marine Policy, 35 :810-818.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe status of water quality of Irish estuaries is reviewed; this sheds light on the rationale behind the design of the national monitoring programme. Relative to other EU Member States, Ireland's coastal monitoring programme is relatively young and not as advanced. The monitoring programmes in Ireland pre Water Framework Directive (WFD) were structured on a salinity-based typology, with an emphasis on quantifying the variability of the component elements. Although monitoring is a significant obligation under the WFD, there is little guidance on developing monitoring protocols; Member States are developing ad hoc monitoring programme. The Irish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), responsible authority, undertook research programmes to assist design and implementation of the WFD. A substantial new national monitoring programme was developed. However, the Irish programme is not optimised; the programme is being refined to include elements not yet covered, notably the biota. New research, by the authors, aims to develop a robust approach towards monitoring integrating data and model results. This paper presents changes in Irish marine water quality monitoring policy and some of the associated research necessary to change policy. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofMarine Policyen
dc.subjectIrish estuariesen_US
dc.subjectWater qualityen_US
dc.subjectBayesian maximum entropyen_US
dc.subjectSediment toxicityen_US
dc.subjectCoastal watersen_US
dc.subjectComet Assayen_US
dc.subjectCork Harbouren_US
dc.titleIrish estuaries: Water quality status and monitoring implications under the water framework directiveen_US
dc.identifier.doiDOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2011.01.010
dc.local.contactStephen Nash, Dept. Of Civil Engineering, Room N103, Civil Engineering Building, Nui Galway. 3738 Email:

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