Recent Submissions

  • Building a European exposure science strategy 

    Fantke, Peter; von Goetz, Natalie; Schlüter, Urs; Bessems, Jos; Connolly, Alison; Dudzina, Tatsiana; Ahrens, Andreas; Bridges, Jim; Coggins, Marie A.; Conrad, André; Hänninen, Otto; Heinemeyer, Gerhard; Kephalopoulos, Stylianos; McLachlan, Michael; Meijster, Tim; Poulsen, Veronique; Rother, Dag; Vermeire, Theo; Viegas, Susana; Vlaanderen, Jelle; Zare Jeddi, Maryam; Bruinen de Bruin, Yuri (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-12-02)
    Exposure information is a critical element in various regulatory and non-regulatory frameworks in Europe and elsewhere. Exposure science supports to ensure safe environments, reduce human health risks, and foster a sustainable ...
  • Portable X-ray fluorescence for the detection of POP-BFRs in waste plastics 

    Sharkey, Martin; Abdallah, Mohamed Abou-Elwafa; Drage, Daniel S; Harrad, Stuart; Berresheim, Harald (Elsevier, 2018-05-26)
    The purpose of this study was to establish the efficacy of portable X-ray fluorescence (XRF) instrumentation as a screening tool for a variety of end of life plastics which may contain excess amounts of brominated flame ...
  • Leaching of decabromodiphenyl ether and hexabromocyclododecane from fabrics under simulated landfill conditions 

    Harrad, Stuart; Drage, Daniel S.; Sharkey, Martin; Berresheim, Harald (KeAi Communications Co. Ltd, 2019-12-30)
    A series of laboratory experiments were conducted to examine the leaching of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) from a mix of three fabrics. Consistent with previous reports that such ...
  • Phasing-out of legacy brominated flame retardants: The UNEP Stockholm Convention and other legislative action worldwide 

    Sharkey, Martin; Harrad, Stuart; Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Mohamed; Drage, Daniel S.; Berresheim, Harald (Elsevier, 2020-08-18)
    Due to their toxicity and persistence, several families of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) have been listed as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the Stockholm Convention, a multilateral treaty overseen by the ...
  • Sensitive and selective quantification of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in urine of the general population by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry 

    Connolly, Alison; Koslitz, Stephan; Bury, Daniel; Brüning, Thomas; Conrad, André; Kolossa-Gehring, Marike; Coggins, Marie A.; Koch, Holger M. (Elsevier, 2020-08-26)
    Glyphosate is the highest volume herbicide used worldwide, and its main biodegradation product is aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), both are listed as priority substances in the Human Biomonitoring for Europe initiative ...
  • Human biomonitoring of glyphosate exposures: State-of-the-art and future research challenges 

    Connolly, Alison; Coggins, Marie A.; Koch, Holger M. (MDPI, 2020-08-18)
    Abstract: Glyphosate continues to attract controversial debate following the International Agency for Research on Cancer carcinogenicity classification in 2015. Despite its ubiquitous presence in our environment, there ...
  • The EMEP Intensive Measurement Period campaign, 2008-2009: characterizing carbonaceous aerosol at nine rural sites in Europe 

    Yttri, Karl Espen; Simpson, David; Bergström, Robert; Kiss, Gyula; Szidat, Sonke; Ceburnis, Darius; Eckhardt, Sabine; Hueglin, Christoph; Nojgaard, Jacob Kleno; Perrino, Cinzia; Pisso, Ignazio; Prevot, Andre Stephan Henry; Putaud, Jean-Philippe; Spindler, Gerald; Vana, Milan; Zhang, Yan-Lin; Aas, Wenche (European Geosciences Union (EGU), 2019-04-03)
    Carbonaceous aerosol (total carbon, TCp) was source apportioned at nine European rural background sites, as part of the European Measurement and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) Intensive Measurement Periods in fall 2008 and ...
  • Summertime primary and secondary contributions to Southern Ocean cloud condensation nuclei 

    Fossum, Kirsten N.; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Ceburnis, Darius; Dall'Osto, Manuel; Marullo, Salvatore; Bellacicco, Marco; Simó, Rafel; Liu, Dantong; Flynn, Michael; Zuend, Andreas; O'Dowd, Colin (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019-07-18)
    Atmospheric aerosols in clean remote oceanic regions contribute significantly to the global albedo through the formation of haze and cloud layers; however, the relative importance of ‘primary’ wind-produced sea-spray over ...
  • Sea-spray regulates sulfate cloud droplet activation over oceans 

    Fossum, Kirsten N.; Ovadnevaite, Jurgita; Ceburnis, Darius; Preißler, Jana; Snider, Jefferson R.; Huang, Ru-Jin; Zuend, Andreas; O’Dowd, Colin (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2020-04-08)
    Sulfate aerosols are typically the dominant source of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) over remote oceans and their abundance is thought to be the dominating factor in determining oceanic cloud brightness. Their activation ...
  • Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Ireland: Implications for adult and nursing infant exposure 

    Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Mohamed; Wemken, Nina; Drage, Daniel Simon; Tlustos, Christina; Cellarius, Claire; Cleere, Kathy; Morrison, John J.; Daly, Sean; Coggins, Marie Ann; Harrad, Stuart (Elsevier, 2019-12-20)
    Concentrations of 10 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were measured in 16 pools of human milk from Ireland. Only four PFASs were detected (PFOA, PFNA, PFHxS and PFOS), with concentrations dominated by PFOA which was ...
  • VERITAS detection of LS 5039 and HESS J1825-137 

    Lang, Mark J.; Moriarty, Patrick (Elsevier, 2019-11-07)
    With 8 h of observations, VERITAS confirms the detection of two very high energy gamma-ray sources. The gamma-ray binary LS 5039 is detected with a statistical significance of 8.8σ. The measured flux above 1 TeV is near ...
  • Experimental assessment of clinical MRI-induced global SAR distributions in head phantoms 

    Blackwell, James; Oluniran, Gideon; Tuohy, Brendan; Destrade, Michel; Kraśny, Marcin Jan; Colgan, Niall (Elsevier, 2019-10-05)
    Accurate estimation of SAR is critical to safeguarding vulnerable patients who require an MRI procedure. The increased static field strength and RF duty cycle capabilities in modern MRI scanners mean that systems can easily ...
  • Spatial frequency domain correlation mapping optical coherence tomography for nanoscale structural characterization 

    Alexandrov, Sergey; McNamara, Paul M.; Das, Nandan; Zhou, Yi; Lynch, Gillian; Hogan, Josh; Leahy, Martin (AIP Publishing, 2019-09-16)
    Most of the fundamental pathological processes in living tissues exhibit changes at the nanoscale. Noninvasive, label-free detection of structural changes in biological samples pose a significant challenge to both researchers ...
  • Occupational exposures in an equestrian centre to respirable dust and respirable crystalline silica 

    Bulfin, Kathleen; Cowie, Hilary; Galea, Karen S.; Connolly, Alison; Coggins, Marie Ann (MDPI, 2019-09-03)
    Abstract: Sand-based products are regularly used as footing material on indoor equestrian arenas, creating a potential occupational exposure risk for respirable crystalline silica (RCS) for equestrian workers training and ...
  • Using the Agile software development lifecycle to develop a standalone application for generating colour magnitude diagrams 

    Fitzgerald, K.; Browne, Lisa-Marie; Butler, Ray F. (Elsevier, 2019-05-11)
    Virtual observatories allow the means by which an astronomer is able to discover, access, and process data seamlessly, regardless of its physical location. However, steep learning curves are often required to become ...
  • 1064 nm acoustic resolution photoacoustic microscopy 

    Periyasamy, Vijitha; Das, Nandan; Sharma, Arunima; Pramanik, Manojit (Wiley, 2018-12-03)
    Photoacoustic imaging is a noninvasive imaging technique having the advantages of high-optical contrast and good acoustic resolution at improved imaging depths. Light transport in biological tissues is mainly characterized ...
  • Game-based learning to engage students with physics and astronomy using a board game 

    Cardinot, Adriana; Fairfield, Jessamyn A. (IGI Global, 2019)
    In this research article, the authors developed a novel astronomy board game and examined how this approach could facilitate the learning and teaching of astronomy topics covered in the new Irish Science Syllabus. A total ...
  • Characterising glyphosate exposures among amenity horticulturists using multiple spot urine samples 

    Connolly, Alison; Basinas, Ioannis; Jones, Kate; Galea, Karen S.; Kenny, Laura; McGowan, Padraic; Coggins, Marie A. (Elsevier, 2018-07-08)
    Background Glyphosate has recently received much public attention following its Group 2A probably carcinogenic to humans classification from the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Despite the widespread ...
  • Performance review of multiple reference versus time domain optical coherence tomography 

    Neuhaus, Kai; McNamara, Paul M.; Alexandrov, Sergey; O'Gorman, Seán; Hogan, Josh; Wilson, Carol; Leahy, Martin J. (IEEE, 2018-04-19)
    We present a detailed characterization of noise sources in multiple reference optical coherence tomography (MR-OCT) compared to time-domain OCT (TD-OCT). The noise characteristics were modeled based on the TD-OCT noise ...
  • Investigation of depth-resolved nanoscale structural changes in regulated cell proliferation and chromatin decondensation 

    Uttam, Shikhar; Bista, Rajan K.; Staton, Kevin; Alexandrov, Sergey; Choi, Serah; Bakkenist, Christopher J.; Hartman, Douglas J.; Brand, Randall E.; Liu, Yang (2013)
    We present depth-resolved spatial-domain low-coherence quantitative phase microscopy, a simple approach that utilizes coherence gating to construct a depth-resolved structural feature vector quantifying sub-resolution axial ...

View more