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dc.contributor.authorBarnes-Holmes, Dermot
dc.contributor.authorRegan, Donal
dc.contributor.authorBarnes-Holmes, Yvonne
dc.contributor.authorCommins, Sean
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Derek
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Ian
dc.contributor.authorSmeets, Paul M
dc.contributor.authorWhelan, Robert
dc.contributor.authorDymond, Simon
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-24T08:24:04Z
dc.date.available2018-08-24T08:24:04Z
dc.date.issued2005-11-01
dc.identifier.citationBarnes-Holmes, Dermot; Regan, Donal; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Commins, Sean; Walsh, Derek; Stewart, Ian; Smeets, Paul M; Whelan, Robert; Dymond, Simon (2005). Relating derived relations as a model of analogical reasoning: reaction times and event-related potentials. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 84 (3), 435-451
dc.identifier.issn0022-5002,0022-5002
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/8851
dc.description.abstractThe current study aimed to test a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) model of analogical reasoning based on the relating of derived same and derived difference relations. Experiment 1 recorded reaction time measures of similar-similar (e.g., "apple is to orange as dog is to cat") versus different-different (e.g., "he is to his brother as chalk is to cheese") derived relational responding, in both speed-contingent and speed-noncontingent conditions. Experiment 2 examined the event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with these two response patterns. Both experiments showed similar-similar responding to be significantly faster than different-different responding. Experiment 2 revealed significant differences between the waveforms of the two response patterns in the left-hemispheric prefrontal regions; different-different waveforms were significantly more negative than similar-similar waveforms. The behavioral and neurophysiological data support the RFT prediction that, all things being equal, similar-similar responding is relationally "simpler" than, and functionally distinct from, different-different analogical responding. The ERP data were fully consistent with findings in the neurocognitive literature on analogy. These findings strengthen the validity of the RFT model of analogical reasoning and supplement the behavior-analytic approach to analogy based on the relating of derived relations.
dc.publisherSociety for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
dc.subjectrelating relations
dc.subjectanalogy
dc.subjectreasoning
dc.subjectderived relations
dc.subjecthumans
dc.subjectdiscrimination response functions
dc.subjectarbitrarily applicable relations
dc.subjectpositron-emission-tomography
dc.subjectequivalence-equivalence
dc.subjectstimulus equivalence
dc.subjecttransformation
dc.subjectaccordance
dc.subjectsameness
dc.titleRelating derived relations as a model of analogical reasoning: reaction times and event-related potentials
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1901/jeab.2005.79-04
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://europepmc.org/articles/pmc1389775?pdf=render
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