Hsp27 inhibits cytochrome <i>c</i>-mediated caspase activation by sequestering both pro-caspase-3 and cytochrome <i>c</i>
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Concannon, C.G. Orrenius, S.; Samali, A. (2001). Hsp27 inhibits cytochrome <i>c</i>-mediated caspase activation by sequestering both pro-caspase-3 and cytochrome <i>c</i>. Gene Expression 9 (4), 195-201
Mitochondrial cytochrome c release in response to pro-apoptotic signals leads to the formation of a cytochrome c/Apaf-1/procaspase-9 complex (the apoptosome) and resultant activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3. Here we demonstrate that the molecular chaperone, Hsp27, inhibits this cytochrome c-mediated activation of caspase-3. Immunodepeletion of Hsp27 from cytochrome c-activated cytosols resulted in decreased caspase activity. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation of Hsp27 resulted in the coprecipitation of both cytochrome c and procaspase-3. In reciprocal experiments, immunoprecipitation of both procaspase-3 and cytochrome c resulted in coprecipitation of Hsp27, indicating two independent interactions. These results point to Hsp27 mediating its inhibition of procaspase-3 activation through its ability to sequester both cytochrome c and procaspase-3, and thus prevent the correct formation/function of the apoptosome complex.